National Data Strategy: Consultation Response

Kainos and Faculty are passionate about accelerating the UK data discussion to help build a world-leading data economy which prioritises public trust.

We are strongly in agreement with the need for a national data strategy to catalyse national productivity, improve public services, and assist our collective recovery from the ravages of COVID.

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Data as the lifeblood of digitisation

Data has always been central to the effective operation and governance of the economy and society, but it has rarely been treated as a discrete topic of interest to policymakers, businesses, and the wider public. Yet this summer, as one isolated example, there were crowds on a British street shouting “Death to the Algorithm” in the context of A-Level exam results. Digitisation is now moving the conversation on data from the edges of politics and the economy to the centre. The UK’s National Data Strategy is a timely effort to focus and direct reform.

The internet is increasingly joining up our cars, our phones and homes, making them more digital. The way we shop, the way we work, the way we relax are all more dependent on digital technologies. Data is the lifeblood of digitisation. But a second aspect of digitisation is less well understood. While paper processes are being transformed, the ability to collect, store, move, share, and combine data through digitised processes creates new opportunities - for good and for ill.

This year, Kainos and Faculty have worked closely with the Government through COVID-19, both individually and in partnership. Kainos has helped clinicians at Trusts quickly identify COVID-19 patients and easily capture and share relevant information. This, in turn, facilitated the creation of new COVID-19 specific patient alerts to be dynamically generated as clinicians enter or update patient-specific clinical information. At a national level, Kainos is working with NHS Digital on initiatives such as the deployment of the online isolation note service and the NHS App.

However, data has also been used to enable actions and activities that have been more concerning, both in the UK and internationally.

While Faculty and Kainos are technology companies, they believe the use of data should always be rooted in moral purpose, not merely technological potential.

We wholeheartedly welcome this National Data Strategy consultation, which provides the UK with the opportunity to adjust and clarify rights and responsibilities around data, assure the trustworthiness and legitimacy of data use, and earn a high return on its investment in our national data infrastructure. This “Data Transformation” called for by the National Data Strategy will extend the Digital Transformation revolution initiated by the UK government in 2010 - and the gains are potentially bigger. Providing clear guidelines and protections around the use of data will both protect citizens and allow the UK to use data to its full potential. If we get these reforms right, we will not only increase productivity, create jobs, and improve public services, the UK will also lead the world in having done so.

We believe this “Data Transformation” can best be achieved through six actions:

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Government strongly leading by example for all UK sectors, not just defining policy

UK Government led digital transformation with the Government Digital Service’s focus on delivery. As a result, the public sector became an exemplar for the private sector. This is needed again to transform how government departments share their data to drive the data economy. Government will set precedent through a set of exemplar services to identify and remove blockers for the data economy.

Government simplifying legislation about data security and privacy

Data security legislation and data privacy legislation is often used as a reason why data is not, and cannot, be shared more widely. Instead, it is the purpose to which data is being put that should govern permission, not merely a process such as a Privacy Impact Assessment. Government needs to examine legislation and the interpretation of legislation such as the Data Protection Act to make it much clearer and less risky for organisations to choose to share data where appropriate.

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Government developing standards and certified tooling, not just guidance

Data interoperability should be centrally defined and legally required, so that technology doesn’t impede anyone using data where it is legitimate and beneficial. Data sharing is a difficult problem to solve, but it needs broad consensus to succeed. Government can drive towards this consensus by leading and funding the development of new data standards, technology standards and certification of market platforms and tools.

Government funding for SMEs and start-ups to innovate

UK Government can stimulate a new ecosystem of SMEs and startups by increasing funding for programmes like Innovate UK and improving the existing efforts by the Department for Trade and Investment to support scaling of these organisations overseas. This should include programmes to support digital skills in organisations.

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Government legislation to increase competition for sectors in addition to Open Banking

Government can stimulate innovation and increase competition by introducing legislation that requires organisations to share consumer data with third-parties, given consumer consent. Open Banking has started this for bank accounts and similar measures could revolutionise, for example the Retail sector helping to level the playing field for smaller local retailers.

Government introducing data science to the school curriculum

Data is central to our economy and the delivery of digital services, yet it is not introduced as an academic subject until higher education. Instead, it should be introduced to the school curriculum to make knowledge widespread and help grow skills for the future.

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Meet the authors

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Peter Campbell,
AI Practice Director


Peter leads Kainos’ AI Practice and is responsible for helping customers solve their toughest challenges through data and AI/ML solutions.

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Rory Hanratty,
Chief Technology Officer


Rory is accountable for Kainos’ development of technical expertise and innovation.

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Nijma Khan,
Principal, Government Practice


Nijma is an experienced strategy director with a track record of driving complex, multi-stakeholder projects with blue-chip industry clients and non-governmental organisations.

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Tom Nixon,
Director, Government Practice


Tom is responsible for overseeing government and public sector delivery in the UK and internationally.

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Richard Sargeant,
Chief Operating Officer


Richard supports senior leaders across a variety of sectors to transform their business to use AI effectively. 

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